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Version: Stable-2.5

Read data from StarRocks using Flink connector

StarRocks provides a self-developed connector named StarRocks Connector for Apache Flink® (Flink connector for short) to help you read data in bulk from a StarRocks cluster by using Flink.

The Flink connector supports two reading methods: Flink SQL and Flink DataStream. Flink SQL is recommended.

NOTE

The Flink connector also supports writing the data read by Flink to another StarRocks cluster or storage system. See Continuously load data from Apache Flink®.

Background information

Unlike the JDBC connector provided by Flink, the Flink connector of StarRocks supports reading data from multiple BEs of your StarRocks cluster in parallel, greatly accelerating read tasks. The following comparison shows the difference in implementation between the two connectors.

  • Flink connector of StarRocks

    With the Flink connector of StarRocks, Flink can first obtain the query plan from the responsible FE, then distribute the obtained query plan as parameters to all the involved BEs, and finally obtain the data returned by the BEs.

    - Flink connector of StarRocks

  • JDBC connector of Flink

    With the JDBC connector of Flink, Flink can only read data from individual FEs, one at a time. Data reads are slow.

    JDBC connector of Flink

Version requirements

ConnectorFlinkStarRocksJavaScala
1.2.91.15,1.16,1.17,1.182.1 and later82.11,2.12
1.2.81.13,1.14,1.15,1.16,1.172.1 and later82.11,2.12
1.2.71.11,1.12,1.13,1.14,1.152.1 and later82.11,2.12

Prerequisites

Flink has been deployed. If Flink has not been deployed, follow these steps to deploy it:

  1. Install Java 8 or Java 11 in your operating system to ensure Flink can run properly. You can use the following command to check the version of your Java installation:

    java -version

    For example, if the following information is returned, Java 8 has been installed:

    openjdk version "1.8.0_322"
    OpenJDK Runtime Environment (Temurin)(build 1.8.0_322-b06)
    OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (Temurin)(build 25.322-b06, mixed mode)
  2. Download and unzip the Flink package of your choice.

    NOTE

    We recommend that you use Flink v1.14 or later. The minimum Flink version supported is v1.11.

    # Download the Flink package.
    wget https://dlcdn.apache.org/flink/flink-1.14.5/flink-1.14.5-bin-scala_2.11.tgz
    # Unzip the Flink package.
    tar -xzf flink-1.14.5-bin-scala_2.11.tgz
    # Go to the Flink directory.
    cd flink-1.14.5
  3. Start your Flink cluster.

    # Start your Flink cluster.
    ./bin/start-cluster.sh

    # When the following information is displayed, your Flink cluster has successfully started:
    Starting cluster.
    Starting standalonesession daemon on host.
    Starting taskexecutor daemon on host.

You can also deploy Flink by following the instructions provided in Flink documentation.

Before you begin

Follow these steps to deploy the Flink connector:

  1. Select and download the flink-connector-starrocks JAR package matching the Flink version that you are using.

    NOTICE

    We recommend that you download the Flink connector package whose version is 1.2.x or later and whose matching Flink version has the same first two digits as the Flink version that you are using. For example, if you use Flink v1.14.x, you can download flink-connector-starrocks-1.2.4_flink-1.14_x.yy.jar.

  2. If code debugging is needed, compile the Flink connector package to suit your business requirements.

  3. Place the Flink connector package you downloaded or compiled into the lib directory of Flink.

  4. Restart your Flink cluster.

Parameters

Common parameters

The following parameters apply to both the Flink SQL and Flink DataStream reading methods.

ParameterRequiredData typeDescription
connectorYesSTRINGThe type of connector that you want to use to read data. Set the value to starrocks.
scan-urlYesSTRINGThe address that is used to connect the FE from the web server. Format: <fe_host>:<fe_http_port>. The default port is 8030. You can specify multiple addresses, which must be separated with a comma (,). Example: 192.168.xxx.xxx:8030,192.168.xxx.xxx:8030.
jdbc-urlYesSTRINGThe address that is used to connect the MySQL client of the FE. Format: jdbc:mysql://<fe_host>:<fe_query_port>. The default port number is 9030.
usernameYesSTRINGThe username of your StarRocks cluster account. The account must have read permissions on the StarRocks table you want to read. See User privileges.
passwordYesSTRINGThe password of your StarRocks cluster account.
database-nameYesSTRINGThe name of the StarRocks database to which the StarRocks table you want to read belongs.
table-nameYesSTRINGThe name of the StarRocks table you want to read.
scan.connect.timeout-msNoSTRINGThe maximum amount of time after which the connection from the Flink connector to your StarRocks cluster times out. Unit: milliseconds. Default value: 1000. If the amount of time taken to establish the connection exceeds this limit, the read task fails.
scan.params.keep-alive-minNoSTRINGThe maximum amount of time during which the read task keeps alive. The keep-alive time is checked on a regular basis by using a polling mechanism. Unit: minutes. Default value: 10. We recommend that you set this parameter to a value that is greater than or equal to 5.
scan.params.query-timeout-sNoSTRINGThe maximum amount of time after which the read task times out. The timeout duration is checked during task execution. Unit: seconds. Default value: 600. If no read result is returned after the time duration elapses, the read task stops.
scan.params.mem-limit-byteNoSTRINGThe maximum amount of memory allowed per query on each BE. Unit: bytes. Default value: 1073741824, equal to 1 GB.
scan.max-retriesNoSTRINGThe maximum number of times that the read task can be retried upon failures. Default value: 1. If the number of times that the read task is retried exceeds this limit, the read task returns errors.

The following parameters apply only to the Flink DataStream reading method.

ParameterRequiredData typeDescription
scan.columnsNoSTRINGThe column that you want to read. You can specify multiple columns, which must be separated by a comma (,).
scan.filterNoSTRINGThe filter condition based on which you want to filter data.

Assume that in Flink you create a table that consists of three columns, which are c1, c2, c3. To read the rows whose values in the c1 column of this Flink table are equal to 100, you can specify two filter conditions "scan.columns, "c1" and "scan.filter, "c1 = 100".

The following data type mapping is valid only for Flink reading data from StarRocks. For the data type mapping used for Flink writing data into StarRocks, see Continuously load data from Apache Flink®.

StarRocksFlink
NULLNULL
BOOLEANBOOLEAN
TINYINTTINYINT
SMALLINTSMALLINT
INTINT
BIGINTBIGINT
LARGEINTSTRING
FLOATFLOAT
DOUBLEDOUBLE
DATEDATE
DATETIMETIMESTAMP
DECIMALDECIMAL
DECIMALV2DECIMAL
DECIMAL32DECIMAL
DECIMAL64DECIMAL
DECIMAL128DECIMAL
CHARCHAR
VARCHARSTRING

Examples

The following examples assume you have created a database named test in your StarRocks cluster and you have the permissions of user root.

NOTE

If a read task fails, you must re-create it.

Data example

  1. Go to the test database and create a table named score_board.

    MySQL [test]> CREATE TABLE `score_board`
    (
    `id` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
    `name` varchar(65533) NULL DEFAULT "" COMMENT "",
    `score` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT "0" COMMENT ""
    )
    ENGINE=OLAP
    PRIMARY KEY(`id`)
    COMMENT "OLAP"
    DISTRIBUTED BY HASH(`id`)
    PROPERTIES
    (
    "replication_num" = "3"
    );
  2. Insert data into the score_board table.

    MySQL [test]> INSERT INTO score_board
    VALUES
    (1, 'Bob', 21),
    (2, 'Stan', 21),
    (3, 'Sam', 22),
    (4, 'Tony', 22),
    (5, 'Alice', 22),
    (6, 'Lucy', 23),
    (7, 'Polly', 23),
    (8, 'Tom', 23),
    (9, 'Rose', 24),
    (10, 'Jerry', 24),
    (11, 'Jason', 24),
    (12, 'Lily', 25),
    (13, 'Stephen', 25),
    (14, 'David', 25),
    (15, 'Eddie', 26),
    (16, 'Kate', 27),
    (17, 'Cathy', 27),
    (18, 'Judy', 27),
    (19, 'Julia', 28),
    (20, 'Robert', 28),
    (21, 'Jack', 29);
  3. Query the score_board table.

    MySQL [test]> SELECT * FROM score_board;
    +------+---------+-------+
    | id | name | score |
    +------+---------+-------+
    | 1 | Bob | 21 |
    | 2 | Stan | 21 |
    | 3 | Sam | 22 |
    | 4 | Tony | 22 |
    | 5 | Alice | 22 |
    | 6 | Lucy | 23 |
    | 7 | Polly | 23 |
    | 8 | Tom | 23 |
    | 9 | Rose | 24 |
    | 10 | Jerry | 24 |
    | 11 | Jason | 24 |
    | 12 | Lily | 25 |
    | 13 | Stephen | 25 |
    | 14 | David | 25 |
    | 15 | Eddie | 26 |
    | 16 | Kate | 27 |
    | 17 | Cathy | 27 |
    | 18 | Judy | 27 |
    | 19 | Julia | 28 |
    | 20 | Robert | 28 |
    | 21 | Jack | 29 |
    +------+---------+-------+
    21 rows in set (0.00 sec)
  1. In your Flink cluster, create a table named flink_test based on the schema of the source StarRocks table (which is score_board in this example). In the table creation command, you must configure the read task properties, including the information about the Flink connector, the source StarRock database, and the source StarRocks table.

    CREATE TABLE flink_test
    (
    `id` INT,
    `name` STRING,
    `score` INT
    )
    WITH
    (
    'connector'='starrocks',
    'scan-url'='192.168.xxx.xxx:8030',
    'jdbc-url'='jdbc:mysql://192.168.xxx.xxx:9030',
    'username'='xxxxxx',
    'password'='xxxxxx',
    'database-name'='test',
    'table-name'='score_board'
    );
  2. Use SELECT to read data from StarRocks.

    SELECT id, name FROM flink_test WHERE score > 20;

When you read data by using Flink SQL, take note of the following points:

  • You can use only SQL statements like SELECT ... FROM <table_name> WHERE ... to read data from StarRocks. Of all aggregate functions, only count is supported.
  • Predicate pushdown is supported. For example, if your query contains a filter condition char_1 <> 'A' and int_1 = -126, the filter condition will be pushed down to the Flink connector and transformed into a statement that can be executed by StarRocks before the query is run. You do not need to perform extra configurations.
  • The LIMIT statement is not supported.
  • StarRocks does not support the checkpointing mechanism. As a result, data consistency cannot be guaranteed if the read task fails.
  1. Add the following dependencies to the pom.xml file:

    <dependency>
    <groupId>com.starrocks</groupId>
    <artifactId>flink-connector-starrocks</artifactId>
    <!-- for Apache Flink® 1.15 -->
    <version>x.x.x_flink-1.15</version>
    <!-- for Apache Flink® 1.14 -->
    <version>x.x.x_flink-1.14_2.11</version>
    <version>x.x.x_flink-1.14_2.12</version>
    <!-- for Apache Flink® 1.13 -->
    <version>x.x.x_flink-1.13_2.11</version>
    <version>x.x.x_flink-1.13_2.12</version>
    <!-- for Apache Flink® 1.12 -->
    <version>x.x.x_flink-1.12_2.11</version>
    <version>x.x.x_flink-1.12_2.12</version>
    <!-- for Apache Flink® 1.11 -->
    <version>x.x.x_flink-1.11_2.11</version>
    <version>x.x.x_flink-1.11_2.12</version>
    </dependency>

    You must replace x.x.x in the preceding code example with the latest Flink connector version that you are using. See Version information.

  2. Call the Flink connector to read data from StarRocks:

    import com.starrocks.connector.flink.StarRocksSource;
    import com.starrocks.connector.flink.table.source.StarRocksSourceOptions;
    import org.apache.flink.streaming.api.environment.StreamExecutionEnvironment;
    import org.apache.flink.table.api.DataTypes;
    import org.apache.flink.table.api.TableSchema;

    public class StarRocksSourceApp {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    StarRocksSourceOptions options = StarRocksSourceOptions.builder()
    .withProperty("scan-url", "192.168.xxx.xxx:8030")
    .withProperty("jdbc-url", "jdbc:mysql://192.168.xxx.xxx:9030")
    .withProperty("username", "root")
    .withProperty("password", "")
    .withProperty("table-name", "score_board")
    .withProperty("database-name", "test")
    .build();
    TableSchema tableSchema = TableSchema.builder()
    .field("id", DataTypes.INT())
    .field("name", DataTypes.STRING())
    .field("score", DataTypes.INT())
    .build();
    StreamExecutionEnvironment env = StreamExecutionEnvironment.getExecutionEnvironment();
    env.addSource(StarRocksSource.source(tableSchema, options)).setParallelism(5).print();
    env.execute("StarRocks flink source");
    }

    }

What's next

After Flink successfully reads data from StarRocks, you can use the Flink WebUI to monitor the read task. For example, you can view the totalScannedRows metric on the Metrics page of the WebUI to obtain the number of rows that are successfully read. You can also use Flink SQL to perform calculations such as joins on the data you have read.