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Asynchronous materialized views

This topic describes how to understand, create, use, and manage an asynchronous materialized view. Asynchronous materialized views are supported from StarRocks v2.4 onwards.

Compared with synchronous materialized views, asynchronous materialized views support multi-table join and more aggregate functions. The refresh of asynchronous materialized views can be triggered manually or by scheduled tasks. You can also refresh some of the partitions instead of the whole materialized view, greatly reducing the cost of refresh. In addition, asynchronous materialized views support a variety of query rewrite scenarios, allowing automatic, transparent query acceleration.

For the scenario and usage of the synchronized materialized views (Rollup), see Synchronous materialized view (Rollup).

Overview

Applications in databases often perform complex queries on large tables. Such queries involve multi-table joins and aggregations on tables that contain billions of rows. Processing these queries can be expensive, in terms of system resources and the time it takes to compute the results.

Asynchronous materialized views in StarRocks are designed to tackle these issues. An asynchronous materialized view is a special physical table that holds pre-computed query results from one or more base tables. When you perform complex queries on the base table, StarRocks returns the pre-computed results from the relevant materialized views to process these queries. This way, query performance can be improved because repetitive complex calculations are avoided. This performance difference can be significant when a query is run frequently or is sufficiently complex.

Additionally, asynchronous materialized views are especially useful for building mathematical models upon your data warehouse. By doing so, you can provide a unified data specification to upper-layer applications, shield the underlying implementation, or protect the raw data security of the base tables.

Understand materialized views in StarRocks

StarRocks v2.3 and earlier versions provided a synchronized materialized view that can be built only on a single table. Synchronized materialized views, or the Rollup, retain higher data freshness and lower refreshing costs. However, compared to asynchronous materialized views supported from v2.4 onwards, synchronized materialized views have many limitations. You have limited choices of aggregation operators when you want to build a synchronized materialized view to accelerate or rewrite your queries.

The following table compares the asynchronous materialized views (ASYNC MVs) in StarRocks v2.5, v2.4, and the synchronized materialized view (SYNC MV) in the perspective of features that they support:

Single-table aggregationMulti-table joinQuery rewriteRefresh strategyBase table
ASYNC MVs in v2.5YesYesYes
  • Regularly triggered refresh
  • Manual refresh
Multiple tables from:
  • Default catalog
  • External catalogs
  • Existing materialized views
ASYNC MVs in v2.4YesYesNo
  • Regularly triggered refresh
  • Manual refresh
Multiple tables from the default catalog
SYNC MV (Rollup)Limited choices of operatorsNoYesSynchronous refresh during data loadingSingle table in the default catalog

Basic concepts

  • Base table

    Base tables are the driving tables of a materialized view.

    For StarRocks' asynchronous materialized views, base tables can be StarRocks native tables in the default catalog, tables in external catalogs (supported from v2.5), or even existing asynchronous materialized views (supported from v2.5). StarRocks supports creating asynchronous materialized views on all types of StarRocks tables.

  • Refresh

    When you create an asynchronous materialized view, its data reflects only the state of the base tables at that time. When the data in the base tables change, you need to refresh the materialized view to keep the changes synchronized.

    Currently, StarRocks supports two generic refreshing strategies: ASYNC (refreshing triggered regularly by tasks) and MANUAL (refreshing triggered manually by users).

  • Query rewrite

    Query rewrite means that when executing a query on base tables with materialized views built on, the system automatically judges whether the pre-computed results in the materialized view can be reused for the query. If they can be reused, the system will load the data directly from the relevant materialized view to avoid the time- and resource-consuming computations or joins.

    From v2.5, StarRocks supports automatic, transparent query rewrite based on the SPJG-type asynchronous materialized views that are created on the default catalog or an external catalog such as a Hive catalog, Hudi catalog, or Iceberg catalog.

Decide when to create a materialized view

You can create an asynchronous materialized view if you have the following demands in your data warehouse environment:

  • Accelerating queries with repetitive aggregate functions

    Suppose that most queries in your data warehouse include the same sub-query with an aggregate function, and these queries have consumed a huge proportion of your computing resources. Based on this sub-query, you can create an asynchronous materialized view, which will compute and store all results of the sub-query. After the materialized view is built, StarRocks rewrites all queries that contain the sub-query, loads the intermediate results stored in the materialized view, and thus accelerates these queries.

  • Regular JOIN of multiple tables

    Suppose that you need to regularly join multiple tables in your data warehouse to make a new wide table. You can build an asynchronous materialized view for these tables, and set the ASYNC refreshing strategy that triggers refreshing tasks at a fixed time interval. After the materialized view is built, query results are returned directly from the materialized view, and thus the latency caused by JOIN operations is avoided.

  • Data warehouse layering

    Suppose that your data warehouse contains a mass of raw data, and queries in it require a complex set of ETL operations. You can build multiple layers of asynchronous materialized views to stratify the data in your data warehouse, and thus decompose the query into a series of simple sub-queries. It can significantly reduce repetitive computation, and, more importantly, help your DBA identify the problem with ease and efficiency. Beyond that, data warehouse layering helps decouple the raw data and statistical data, protecting the security of sensitive raw data.

Create an asynchronous materialized view

StarRocks supports creating asynchronous materialized views on one or more base tables from the default catalog and external catalogs. Base tables support all StarRocks table types. You can also build an asynchronous materialized view on existing materialized views.

Before you begin

Prepare base tables

The following examples involve two base tables:

  • The table goods records the item ID item_id1, the item name item_name, and the item price price.
  • The table order_list records the order ID order_id, client ID client_id, item ID item_id2, and order date order_date.

The column goods.item_id1 is equivalent to the column order_list.item_id2.

Execute the following statements to create the tables and insert data into them:

CREATE TABLE goods(
    item_id1          INT,
    item_name         STRING,
    price             FLOAT
) DISTRIBUTED BY HASH(item_id1);

INSERT INTO goods
VALUES
    (1001,"apple",6.5),
    (1002,"pear",8.0),
    (1003,"potato",2.2);

CREATE TABLE order_list(
    order_id          INT,
    client_id         INT,
    item_id2          INT,
    order_date        DATE
) DISTRIBUTED BY HASH(order_id);

INSERT INTO order_list
VALUES
    (10001,101,1001,"2022-03-13"),
    (10001,101,1002,"2022-03-13"),
    (10002,103,1002,"2022-03-13"),
    (10002,103,1003,"2022-03-14"),
    (10003,102,1003,"2022-03-14"),
    (10003,102,1001,"2022-03-14");

The scenario in the following example demands frequent calculations of the total of each order. It requires frequent joins of the two base tables and intensive usage of the aggregate function sum(). Besides, the business scenario demands the data refresh at an interval of one day.

The query statement is as follows:

SELECT
    order_id,
    sum(goods.price) as total
FROM order_list INNER JOIN goods ON goods.item_id1 = order_list.item_id2
GROUP BY order_id;

Create the materialized view

You can create a materialized view based on a specific query statement using CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW.

Based on the table goods, order_list, and the query statement mentioned above, the following example creates the materialized view order_mv to analyze the total of each order. The materialized view is set to refresh itself at an interval of one day.

CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW order_mv
DISTRIBUTED BY HASH(`order_id`) BUCKETS 12
REFRESH ASYNC START('2022-09-01 10:00:00') EVERY (interval 1 day)
AS SELECT
    order_list.order_id,
    sum(goods.price) as total
FROM order_list INNER JOIN goods ON goods.item_id1 = order_list.item_id2
GROUP BY order_id;

NOTE

  • You must specify a bucketing strategy when creating an asynchronous materialized view.
  • You can set different partitioning and bucketing strategies for an asynchronous materialized view from those of its base tables.
  • Asynchronous materialized views support a dynamic partitioning strategy in a longer span. For example, if the base table is partitioned at an interval of one day, you can set the materialized view to be partitioned at an interval of one month.
  • The query statement that is used to create an asynchronous materialized view must include the partition keys and bucket keys of the materialized views.
  • The query statement used to create a materialized view does not support random functions, including rand(), random(), uuid(), and sleep().
  • About refresh mechanisms of asynchronous materialized views

    Currently, StarRocks supports two ON DEMAND refresh strategies: manual refresh and regular refresh at a fixed time interval.

    In StarRocks v2.5, asynchronous materialized views further support a variety of asynchronous refreshing mechanisms:

    • If an MV has many large partitions, each refresh can consume a large amount of resources. In v2.5, StarRocks supports splitting refresh tasks. You can specify the maximum number of partitions to be refreshed, and StarRocks performs refresh in batches, with a batch size smaller or equal to the specified maximum number of partitions. This feature ensures large asynchronous materialized views are stably refreshed, enhancing the stability and robustness of data modeling.
    • You can specify the time to live (TTL) for partitions of an asynchronous materialized view, reducing the storage size taken by the materialized view.
    • You can specify the refresh range to refresh only the latest few partitions, reducing the refresh overhead.

    For more information, see the PROPERTIES section in CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW - Parameters. You can also modify the mechanisms of an existing asynchronous materialized view using ALTER MATERIALIZED VIEW.

  • About nested materialized views

    StarRocks v2.5 supports creating nested asynchronous materialized views. You can build asynchronous materialized views based on existing asynchronous materialized views. The refreshing strategy for each materialized view does not affect the materialized views on the upper or lower layers. Currently, StarRocks does not limit the number of nesting levels. In a production environment, we recommend that the number of nesting layers does not exceed THREE.

  • About external catalog materialized views

    StarRocks v2.5 supports creating asynchronous materialized views based on Hive catalog, Hudi catalog and Iceberg catalog. An external catalog materialized view is created in the same way as a general asynchronous materialized view is created, with the following usage restrictions:

    • Strict consistency is not guaranteed between the materialized view and the base tables in the external catalog.

    • Currently, building asynchronous materialized views based on external resources is not supported.

    • Currently, StarRocks cannot perceive the data changes on the base tables in Iceberg catalogs and Hudi catalogs, so all partitions are refreshed by default every time the refreshing task is triggered. If you want to refresh only some of the partitions, you can manually refresh the materialized view using the REFRESH MATERIALIZED VIEW statement and specify the partition you want to refresh.

    • From v2.5.5 onwards, StarRocks can periodically refresh the cached metadata of the frequently accessed Hive catalogs to perceive data changes. You can configure the Hive metadata cache refresh through the following FE parameters:

      Configuration itemDefaultDescription
      enable_background_refresh_connector_metadatatrue in v3.0
      false in v2.5
      Whether to enable the periodic Hive metadata cache refresh. After it is enabled, StarRocks polls the metastore (Hive Metastore or AWS Glue) of your Hive cluster, and refreshes the cached metadata of the frequently accessed Hive catalogs to perceive data changes. true indicates to enable the Hive metadata cache refresh, and false indicates to disable it. This item is an FE dynamic parameter. You can modify it using the ADMIN SET FRONTEND CONFIG command.
      background_refresh_metadata_interval_millis600000 (10 minutes)The interval between two consecutive Hive metadata cache refreshes. Unit: millisecond. This item is an FE dynamic parameter. You can modify it using the ADMIN SET FRONTEND CONFIG command.
      background_refresh_metadata_time_secs_since_last_access_secs86400 (24 hours)The expiration time of a Hive metadata cache refresh task. For the Hive catalog that has been accessed, if it has not been accessed for more than the specified time, StarRocks stops refreshing its cached metadata. For the Hive catalog that has not been accessed, StarRocks will not refresh its cached metadata. Unit: second. This item is an FE dynamic parameter. You can modify it using the ADMIN SET FRONTEND CONFIG command.

Manually refresh an asynchronous materialized view

You can refresh an asynchronous materialized view that is created with the ASYNC or the MANUAL refreshing strategy via REFRESH MATERIALIZED VIEW. StarRocks v2.5 supports refreshing specific partitions of an asynchronous materialized view by specifying partition names.

REFRESH MATERIALIZED VIEW order_mv;

You can cancel a refresh task using CANCEL REFRESH MATERIALIZED VIEW.

Query the asynchronous materialized view

The asynchronous materialized view you created is essentially a physical table that contains the complete set of pre-computed results in accordance with the query statement. Therefore, you can directly query the materialized view after the materialized view is refreshed for the first time.

MySQL > SELECT * FROM order_mv;
+----------+--------------------+
| order_id | total              |
+----------+--------------------+
|    10001 |               14.5 |
|    10002 | 10.200000047683716 |
|    10003 |  8.700000047683716 |
+----------+--------------------+
3 rows in set (0.01 sec)

NOTE

You can directly query an asynchronous materialized view, but the results may be inconsistent with what you get from the query on its base tables.

Rewrite queries with the asynchronous materialized view

StarRocks v2.5 supports automatic and transparent query rewrite based on the SPJG-type asynchronous materialized views. The SPJG-type materialized views refer to materialized views whose plan only includes Scan, Filter, Project, and Aggregate types of operators. The SPJG-type materialized views query rewrite includes single table query rewrite, Join query rewrite, aggregation query rewrite, Union query rewrite and query rewrite based on nested materialized views.

Currently, StarRocks supports rewriting queries on asynchronous materialized views that are created on the default catalog or an external catalog such as a Hive catalog, Hudi catalog, or Iceberg catalog. When querying data in the default catalog, StarRocks ensures strong consistency of results between the rewritten query and the original query by excluding materialized views whose data is inconsistent with the base table. When the data in a materialized view expires, the materialized view will not be used as a candidate materialized view. When querying data in external catalogs, StarRocks does not ensure strong consistency of the results because StarRocks cannot perceive the data changes in external catalogs.

Enable query rewrite

  • Enable query rewrite based on the default catalog materialized views

    StarRocks enables asynchronous materialized view query rewrite by default. You can enable or disable this feature with the session variable enable_materialized_view_rewrite.

    SET GLOBAL enable_materialized_view_rewrite = { true | false };
  • [Experimental] Enable query rewrite based on the external catalog materialized views

    Because StarRocks does not ensure a strong consistency of the results when you query data in external catalogs using asynchronous materialized views, the query rewrite based on the external catalog materialized views is disabled by default. You can enable this feature for an external catalog materialized view by adding the property "force_external_table_query_rewrite" = "true" when creating the materialized view.

    Example:

    CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW ex_mv_par_tbl
    PARTITION BY emp_date
    DISTRIBUTED BY hash(empid)
    PROPERTIES (
    "force_external_table_query_rewrite" = "true"
    ) 
    AS
    select empid, deptno, emp_date
    from `hive_catalog`.`emp_db`.`emps_par_tbl`
    where empid < 5;

Rewrite queries in View Delta Join scenarios

StarRocks now supports rewriting queries based on asynchronous materialized views with Delta Join, which means that the queried tables are a subset of the materialized view's base tables. For example, queries of the form table_a INNER JOIN table_b can be rewritten by materialized views of the form table_a INNER JOIN table_b INNER JOIN/LEFT OUTER JOIN table_c, where table_b INNER JOIN/LEFT OUTER JOIN table_c is the Delta Join. This feature allows transparent acceleration for such queries, thereby preserving the flexibility of the query and avoiding the huge cost of building wide tables.

View Delta Join queries can be rewritten only when the following requirements are met:

  • The Delta Join must be Inner Join or Left Outer Join.

  • If the Delta Join is Inner Join, the keys to be joined must be the corresponding Foreign/Primary/Unique Key and NOT NULL.

    For example, the materialized view is of the form A INNER JOIN B ON (A.a1 = B.b1) INNER JOIN C ON (B.b2 = C.c1), and the query is of the form A INNER JOIN B ON (A.a1 = B.b1). In this case, B INNER JOIN C ON (B.b2 = C.c1) is the Delta Join. B.b2 must be the Foreign Key of B and must be NOT NULL, and C.c1 must be the Primary Key or Unique Key of C.

  • If the Delta Join is Left Outer Join, the keys to be joined must be the corresponding Foreign/Primary/Unique Key.

    For example, the materialized view is of the form A INNER JOIN B ON (A.a1 = B.b1) LEFT OUTER JOIN C ON (B.b2 = C.c1), and the query is of the form A INNER JOIN B ON (A.a1 = B.b1). In this case, B LEFT OUTER JOIN C ON (B.b2 = C.c1) is the Delta Join. B.b2 must be the Foreign Key of B, and C.c1 must be the Primary Key or Unique Key of C.

To implement the above constraints, you must define the Unique Key constraints and Foreign Key constraints of a table using the properties unique_constraints and foreign_key_constraints when creating the table. For more information, see CREATE TABLE - PROPERTIES.

CAUTION

The Unique Key constraints and Foreign Key constraints are only used for query rewrite. The Foreign Key constraint checks are not guaranteed when data is loaded into the table. You must ensure the data loaded into the table meets the constraints.

The following example defines multiple Foreign Keys when creating the table lineorder:

CREATE TABLE `lineorder` (
  `lo_orderkey` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_linenumber` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_custkey` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_partkey` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_suppkey` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_orderdate` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_orderpriority` varchar(16) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_shippriority` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_quantity` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_extendedprice` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_ordtotalprice` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_discount` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_revenue` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_supplycost` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_tax` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_commitdate` int(11) NOT NULL COMMENT "",
  `lo_shipmode` varchar(11) NOT NULL COMMENT ""
) ENGINE=OLAP
DUPLICATE KEY(`lo_orderkey`)
COMMENT "OLAP"
DISTRIBUTED BY HASH(`lo_orderkey`) BUCKETS 192
PROPERTIES (
-- Define Unique Keys in unique_constraints
"unique_constraints" = "lo_orderkey,lo_linenumber",
-- Define Foreign Keys in foreign_key_constraints
"foreign_key_constraints" = "
    (lo_custkey) REFERENCES customer(c_custkey);
    (lo_partkey) REFERENCES ssb.part(p_partkey);
    (lo_suppkey) REFERENCES supplier(s_suppkey);
    (lo_orderdate) REFERENCES dates(d_datekey)
"
);

Configure query rewrite

You can configure the asynchronous materialized view query rewrite through the following session variables:

VariableDefaultDescription
enable_materialized_view_union_rewritetrueBoolean value to control if to enable materialized view Union query rewrite.
enable_rule_based_materialized_view_rewritetrueBoolean value to control if to enable rule-based materialized view query rewrite. This variable is mainly used in single-table query rewrite.
nested_mv_rewrite_max_level3The maximum levels of nested materialized views that can be used for query rewrite. Type: INT. Range: [1, +∞). The value of 1 indicates that materialized views created on other materialized views will not be used for query rewrite.

Check if a query is rewritten

You can check if your query is rewritten by viewing its query plan using the EXPLAIN statement. If the field TABLE under the section OlapScanNode shows the name of the corresponding materialized view, it means that the query has been rewritten based on the materialized view.

mysql> EXPLAIN SELECT 
    order_id, sum(goods.price) AS total 
    FROM order_list INNER JOIN goods 
    ON goods.item_id1 = order_list.item_id2 
    GROUP BY order_id;
+------------------------------------+
| Explain String                     |
+------------------------------------+
| PLAN FRAGMENT 0                    |
|  OUTPUT EXPRS:1: order_id | 8: sum |
|   PARTITION: RANDOM                |
|                                    |
|   RESULT SINK                      |
|                                    |
|   1:Project                        |
|   |  <slot 1> : 9: order_id        |
|   |  <slot 8> : 10: total          |
|   |                                |
|   0:OlapScanNode                   |
|      TABLE: order_mv               |
|      PREAGGREGATION: ON            |
|      partitions=1/1                |
|      rollup: order_mv              |
|      tabletRatio=0/12              |
|      tabletList=                   |
|      cardinality=3                 |
|      avgRowSize=4.0                |
|      numNodes=0                    |
+------------------------------------+
20 rows in set (0.01 sec)

Manage an asynchronous materialized view

Alter an asynchronous materialized view

You can alter the property of an asynchronous materialized view using ALTER MATERIALIZED VIEW.

  • Rename an asynchronous materialized view.

    ALTER MATERIALIZED VIEW order_mv RENAME order_total;
  • Alter the refreshing interval of an asynchronous materialized view to 2 days.

    ALTER MATERIALIZED VIEW order_mv REFRESH ASYNC EVERY(INTERVAL 2 DAY);

Show asynchronous materialized views

You can view the asynchronous materialized views in your database by using SHOW MATERIALIZED VIEWS or querying the system metadata table in Information Schema.

  • Check all asynchronous materialized views in your database.

    SHOW MATERIALIZED VIEWS;
  • Check a specific asynchronous materialized view.

    SHOW MATERIALIZED VIEWS WHERE NAME = "order_mv";
  • Check specific asynchronous materialized views by matching the name.

    SHOW MATERIALIZED VIEWS WHERE NAME LIKE "order%";
  • Check all asynchronous materialized views by querying the metadata table in Information Schema.

    SELECT * FROM information_schema.materialized_views;

Check the definition of asynchronous materialized view

You can check the query used to create an asynchronous materialized view via SHOW CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW.

SHOW CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW order_mv;

Check the execution status of asynchronous materialized view

You can check the execution (building or refreshing) status of an asynchronous materialized view by querying the tasks and task_runs metadata tables in StarRocks' Information Schema.

The following example checks the execution status of the materialized view that was created most recently:

  1. Check the TASK_NAME of the most recent task in the table tasks.

    mysql> select * from information_schema.tasks  order by CREATE_TIME desc limit 1\G;
    *************************** 1. row ***************************
      TASK_NAME: mv-59299
    CREATE_TIME: 2022-12-12 17:33:51
      SCHEDULE: MANUAL
      DATABASE: ssb_1
    DEFINITION: insert overwrite hive_mv_lineorder_flat_1 SELECT `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_orderkey`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_linenumber`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_custkey`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_partkey`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_orderpriority`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_ordtotalprice`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_revenue`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`p_mfgr`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`s_nation`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`c_city`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`c_nation`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_orderdate`
    FROM `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`
    WHERE `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_orderdate` = '1997-01-01'
    EXPIRE_TIME: NULL
    1 row in set (0.02 sec)
  2. Check the execution status in the table task_runs using the TASK_NAME you have found.

    mysql> select * from information_schema.task_runs where task_name='mv-59299' order by CREATE_TIME \G;
    *************************** 1. row ***************************
        QUERY_ID: d9cef11f-7a00-11ed-bd90-00163e14767f
        TASK_NAME: mv-59299
      CREATE_TIME: 2022-12-12 17:39:19
      FINISH_TIME: 2022-12-12 17:39:22
            STATE: SUCCESS
        DATABASE: ssb_1
      DEFINITION: insert overwrite hive_mv_lineorder_flat_1 SELECT `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_orderkey`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_linenumber`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_custkey`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_partkey`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_orderpriority`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_ordtotalprice`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_revenue`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`p_mfgr`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`s_nation`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`c_city`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`c_nation`, `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_orderdate`
    FROM `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`
    WHERE `hive_ci`.`dla_scan`.`lineorder_flat_1000_1000_orc`.`lo_orderdate` = '1997-01-01'
      EXPIRE_TIME: 2022-12-15 17:39:19
      ERROR_CODE: 0
    ERROR_MESSAGE: NULL
        PROGRESS: 100%
    2 rows in set (0.02 sec)

Drop an asynchronous materialized view

You can drop an asynchronous materialized view via DROP MATERIALIZED VIEW.

DROP MATERIALIZED VIEW order_mv;

Relevant session variables

The following variables control the behaviour of an asynchronous materialized view:

  • analyze_mv: Whether and how to analyze the materialized view after refresh. Valid values are an empty string (Do not analyze), sample (Sampled statistics collection), and full (Full statistics collection). Default is sample.
  • enable_materialized_view_rewrite: Whether to enable the automatic rewrite for materialized view. Valid values are true (Default since v2.5) and false.