Dynamic partitioning

StarRocks supports dynamic partitioning, which can automatically manage the time to life (TTL) of partitions, such as partitioning new input data in tables and deleting expired partitions. This feature significantly reduces maintenance costs.

Enable dynamic partitioning

Take table site_access as an example. To enable dynamic partitioning, you need to configure the PROPERTIES parameter. For information about the configuration items, see CREATE TABLE.

CREATE TABLE site_access(
    event_day DATE,
    site_id INT DEFAULT '10',
    city_code VARCHAR(100),
    user_name VARCHAR(32) DEFAULT '',
DUPLICATE KEY(event_day, site_id, city_code, user_name)
    PARTITION p20200321 VALUES LESS THAN ("2020-03-22"),
    PARTITION p20200322 VALUES LESS THAN ("2020-03-23"),
    PARTITION p20200323 VALUES LESS THAN ("2020-03-24"),
    PARTITION p20200324 VALUES LESS THAN ("2020-03-25")
DISTRIBUTED BY HASH(event_day, site_id) BUCKETS 32
    "dynamic_partition.enable" = "true",
    "dynamic_partition.time_unit" = "DAY",
    "dynamic_partition.start" = "-3",
    "dynamic_partition.end" = "3",
    "dynamic_partition.prefix" = "p",
    "dynamic_partition.buckets" = "32",
    "dynamic_partition.history_partition_num" = "0"


dynamic_partition.enableNoEnables dynamic partitioning. Valid values are TRUE and FALSE. The default value is TRUE.
dynamic_partition.time_unitYesThe time granularity for dynamically created partitions. It is a required parameter. Valid values are DAY, WEEK, and MONTH.The time granularity determines the suffix format for dynamically created partitions.
- If the value is DAY, the suffix format for dynamically created partitions is yyyyMMdd. An example partition name suffix is 20200321.
- If the value is WEEK, the suffix format for dynamically created partitions is yyyy_ww, for example 2020_13 for the 13th week of 2020.
- If the value is MONTH, the suffix format for dynamically created partitions is yyyyMM, for example 202003.
dynamic_partition.time_zoneNoThe time zone for dynamic partitions, which is by default the same as the system time zone.
dynamic_partition.startNoThe starting offset of dynamic partitioning. The value of this parameter must be a negative integer. The partitions before this offset will be deleted based on the current day, week, or month which is determined by the value of the parameter dynamic_partition.time_unit. The default value is Integer.MIN_VALUE, namely, -2147483648, which means that the history partitions will not be deleted.
dynamic_partition.endYesThe end offset of dynamic partitioning. The value of this parameter must be a positive integer. The partitions from the current day, week, or month to the end offset will be created in advance.
dynamic_partition.prefixNoThe prefix added to the names of dynamic partitions. The default value is p.
dynamic_partition.bucketsNoThe number of buckets per dynamic partition. The default value is the same as the number of buckets determined by the reserved word BUCKETS or automatically set by StarRocks.
dynamic_partition.history_partition_numNoThe number of historical partitions created by the dynamic partitions mechanism, with a default value of 0. When the value is greater than 0, historical partitions are created in advance. From V2.5.2, StarRocks supports this parameter.

FE configuration:

dynamic_partition_check_interval_seconds: the interval for scheduling dynamic partitioning. The default value is 600s, which means that the partition situation is checked every 10 minutes to see whether the partitions meet the dynamic partitioning conditions specified in PROPERTIES. If not, the partitions will be created and deleted automatically.

View partitions

After you enable dynamic partitions for a table, the input data is continuously and automatically partitioned. You can view the current partitions by using the following statement. For example, if the current date is 2020-03-25, you can only see partitions in the time range from 2020-03-22 to 2020-03-28.


[types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-22];types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-23]; )
[types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-23];types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-24]; )
[types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-24];types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-25]; )
[types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-25];types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-26]; )
[types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-26];types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-27]; )
[types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-27];types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-28]; )
[types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-28];types: [DATE]; keys: [2020-03-29]; )

Modify properties of dynamic partitioning

You can use the ALTER TABLE statement to modify properties of dynamic partitioning, such as disabling dynamic partitioning. Take the following statement as an example.

ALTER TABLE site_access 


  • To check the properties of dynamic partitioning of a table, execute the SHOW CREATE TABLE statement.
  • You can also use the ALTER TABLE statement to modify other properties of a table.