Deploy a Compute Node [Preview]

A compute node (CN) is a stateless computing service that does not maintain data itself. It only provides extra computing resources for queries. This topic describes how to configure and deploy a CN node. You can add multiple CN nodes by repeating the following steps.


The lifecycle of an SQL statement in StarRocks can be divided into three phases: query parsing, planning, and execution. CN takes some or all of the computation tasks in the execution phase. It works as follows: First, the FE splits the parsed SQL statements into logical execution units, splits the logical execution units into physical execution units according to data distribution and operator types, and then assigns them to BEs and CNs.

During query execution, BEs run computation tasks that are prior to data shuffling, and perform data reading and writing. CNs receive the shuffled data from BEs, run part of the computation tasks such as JOIN, and return the results to FEs.

Download and decompress the installer

Download and decompress StarRocks installer.

tar -xzvf StarRocks-x.x.x.tar.gz


Replace the file name in the command with the actual name of the file you downloaded.

Configure a CN node

Navigate to the StarRocks-x.x.x/be path.

cd StarRocks-x.x.x/be


Replace the file name in the command with the actual name of the file you downloaded.

Modify the CN configuration file conf/cn.conf. Because the default configuration can be used directly to start the cluster, the following example does not change any configuration item. If you need to change a configuration item in the production environment, see BE configuration items for instructions, because most of CN's parameters are inherited from BEs.

Add a CN node

Add a CN node to the StarRocks cluster via your MySQL client.



host must match the pre-specified priority_networks, and port must match heartbeat_service_port specified in cn.conf (defaults to 9050).

If any issue occurs when you add the CN node, you can drop the node by using the following command:



host and port must be the same as those of the CN node you added.

Start the CN node

Run the following command to start the CN node:

./bin/start_cn.sh --daemon

Check whether the CN node starts

You can check whether the CN node starts properly by via your MySQL client.

SHOW PROC '/compute_nodes'\G


MySQL [(none)]> SHOW PROC '/compute_nodes'\G
**************************** 1. row ******************** ******
        ComputeNodeId: 78825
              Cluster: default_cluster
                   IP: 172.26.xxx.xx
        HeartbeatPort: 9050
               BePort: 9060
             HttpPort: 8040
             BrpcPort: 8060
        LastStartTime: NULL
        LastHeartbeat: NULL
                Alive: true
 SystemDecommissioned: false
ClusterDecommissioned: false
              Version: 2.4.0-76-36ea96e
1 row in set (0.01 sec)

If Alive is true, the CN node is properly started and added to the cluster.

If the CN node is not properly added to the cluster, you can check the log/cn.WARNING log file for troubleshooting.

After CNs are properly started, you need to set the system variables prefer_compute_node and use_compute_nodes to scale computing resources during queries. For more information, see System variables.

Stop the CN node

Run the following command to stop the CN node: